Storage tanks are closed containers or silos designed to store materials in liquid, gaseous or powdered form. These tanks are often used in industrial plants, petrochemical, refinery, power plants and other industrial facilities. Storage tanks perform the functions of storing, transporting and handling various materials, helping to effectively manage industrial processes. Here are some basic things to know about storage tanks:
Material Types: Storage tanks can be made of different materials depending on the characteristics of the material to be stored. For example, in the petrochemical industry, steel or fiberglass tanks are usually preferred.
Tank Types: Storage tanks can be of different types depending on the purpose of storage. These can include pressurized tanks, atmospheric tanks, verticality storage tanks, horizontal storage tanks and spherical tanks.
Pressurized Tanks: These types of tanks are usually designed for storing gases and are designed to control the pressure of the gas inside.
Atmospheric Tanks: These types of tanks are usually used to store liquids and operate at atmospheric pressure.
Capacity and Dimensions: The capacities of storage tanks can vary greatly. From small tanks to large storage tanks, tanks of different sizes and capacities can be found.
Tank Insulation: Storage tanks can be insulated to keep the material they contain at specific temperature conditions. This is important for storing products that require temperature control.
Filling and Discharging Systems: Storage tanks can have specialized systems for the safe filling and emptying of materials. These systems help to ensure that hazardous materials are transported and handled under control.
Safety and Security: Storage tanks must be designed in accordance with safety standards and local regulations. Fire safety, leak prevention and other safety measures should be considered.
Maintenance and Repair: Storage tanks need regular maintenance and periodic inspections. In addition, planned maintenance processes should be implemented to repair any damage to the tanks.
Environmental Impacts: Storage tanks should be designed to minimize environmental impacts. Leak prevention measures and waste management are important for an environmentally friendly storage system.
Storage tanks have a wide range of applications in industrial plants and can be designed in various types according to the characteristics of the material to be stored and the processes. These tanks contribute to the safe and efficient execution of industrial processes.