Exterior cladding is the process of covering the exterior surfaces of a building with materials for aesthetic, protective and insulation purposes. This coating adds both durability and visual appeal to the exterior of the building, as well as various functional features. Here are some basic things to know about exterior cladding:
Types of Materials:
Aluminium Cladding: Aluminium is lightweight, durable and has low maintenance requirements. It provides a modern and stylish look.
Wood Cladding: It offers an aesthetic appearance and various types of wood can be used. However, maintenance requirements and durability should be considered.
Stone Cladding: These are coatings made using natural stones or stone-like materials. It is strong and durable, but structural reinforcements may be required due to weight.
PVC Cladding: Lightweight, durable and easy to maintain. It offers a wide choice of colours and patterns.
Metal Cladding: Coatings made using metals such as steel, aluminium or copper. Provides a modern and industrial look.
Thermal Insulation: Exterior cladding can increase the thermal insulation of the building, saving energy and optimising temperature control.
Sound Insulation: Some siding materials have sound insulation properties, which can reduce the sound level indoors.
Waterproofing: The building's exterior cladding improves waterproofing by providing protection against rain, snow and other natural elements.
Open Facade Systems: Cladding materials are mounted directly to a load-bearing structure and this system has an air gap.
Closed Facade Systems: Cladding materials are mounted on a carrier substructure and no air gap is created at the back.
Maintenance and Cleaning:
The maintenance needs of exterior cladding materials vary according to the type of material. Materials such as wood usually require regular maintenance, while materials such as metal or PVC may require less maintenance.
Aesthetics and Design:
Siding significantly affects the exterior appearance of the building. The choice of materials, colours, patterns and textures determine the overall aesthetics of the building design.
Durability and Weather Resistance:
Exterior cladding should be resistant to weather conditions. It should resist rain, wind, sunlight and other external factors.
Exterior cladding plays an aesthetic and functional role while increasing the durability of buildings. Therefore, material selection, installation methods and maintenance requirements should be carefully evaluated.